UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples
On September 13, 2007, the United Nations General Assembly adopted the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP). It was adopted following 25 years of discussion between Member States and Indigenous peoples. Indigenous peoples’ advocacy shaped the content of the UNDRIP in many important ways and was key to realizing its ultimate adoption by the UN General Assembly. The UNDRIP expresses foundational principles (drawn from existing international human rights law) that all people, as individuals, are equal; and that all peoples are equal and hold the right to self-determination.
In 46 Articles, this global human rights statement sets out specific obligations of UN Member States to protect Indigenous peoples' human rights. Article 43 states that the rights in the Declaration constitute the minimum standards for the survival, dignity and well-being of all Indigenous peoples.
The UNDRIP also provides guidance to States on how to build constructive relationships with Indigenous peoples to meet the standards and principles of international human rights law.